Our GYN Conditions page covers some of the more common conditions that women today experience. We have provided a brief overview of each topic, and encourage you to click on the links to get more information.

We highly recommend WebMD as an excellent source of information.

Abnormal Pap Smear: A Pap Smear or Pap Test is a normal part of a gynecological exam. It is used to identify abnormal cells in the cervix. An abnormal test lets your physician know that there are changes in the cell of your cervix, that could indicate the presence of an STD, precancerous cell changes, or cervical cancer.

Chronic Female Pelvic Pain: Chronic pelvic pain is defined as pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis that is not related to menstruation (dysmenorrhea) or intercourse (dyspareunia) that has been present for at least 6 months.

Dysmenorrhea: Dysmenorrhea is defined as chronic pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis that is related to menstruation. Primary dysmenorrhea describes painful menstrual cramping with no other physical cause. Secondary dysmenorrhea describes painful menstrual cramping due to a physical problem other than menstruation.

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is caused when the tissue that normally lines the uterus is found outside of the uterus. The tissue can be found on the fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and bowel surfaces.

Infertility: Infertility is defined as:

  1. The inability to conceive after a year of unprotected intercourse in women under 35
  2. The inability to conceive after six months in women over 35
  3. The inability to carry a pregnancy to term

If you are concerned about your inability to conceive, please make an appointment to see one of our doctors.

Menopause: Menopause is a natural event that marks the end of fertility and childbearing years. Menopause is a unique and personal experience for every woman. It can be a very emotional time as women come to terms with the fact that they have come to the end of their reproductive years. Other women experience joy in knowing that they will soon no longer have to deal with periods, PMS, and all of the accompanying discomforts of menstruation. Menopause is often treated with Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) in order to replace the decreased production of the sex hormones estrogen, progesterone, and androgen.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a general term for an infection of the upper reproductive organs, including the fallopian tubes, the uterine lining, or the ovaries.

Perimenopause: Many women begin to experience changes in their menstrual periods beginning in their late 30s to early 40s. Ovulation may become sporadic, some women may begin to skip periods or have a heavier flow, and more PMS symptoms may occur. These symptoms may signal the start of perimenopause, which is an unknown period of time before menopause.

Premature Menopause or “Premature Ovarian Insufficiency (POI)”: Premature menopause is usually described as the onset of menopause before age 40 (in the US.) This condition can be brought on by genetic predisposition, autoimmune disorders, or medical procedures that interrupt the normal balance of a woman’s hormonal or reproductive system.

Uterine Fibroids: Fibroids are balls of muscular tissue that grow inside the uterus, on the surface of the uterus or in the muscular wall of the uterus. These benign tumors often cause no symptoms and may never need treatment. Unfortunately, for many women, fibroids — depending on their location — can cause a range of problems, from pain to abnormal bleeding, to infertility.

Vaginal Yeast Infection: Most women will have one or more vaginal yeast infections during their lifetime. Vaginal yeast infections are caused by an overabundance of yeast cells in the vagina. Because vaginal yeast infections are so common, many women self-diagnose and self-treat with an over the counter medication. However, all vaginal infections should be evaluated by a healthcare provider.